We often receive calls from customers concerned that they seem to have bulbs (lamps) blowing all the time, they often believe that this means they have a problem with their wiring. The issue has been looked into for many years by experts and the consensus is that if you have a wiring fault in your circuit, it will be picked up by fuses and MCB's long before it gets to the bulb. Once power is getting to the light fitting at the correct voltage the bulb (lamp) will light.
There are however a few reasons why bulbs will blow, the major one is fitting cheap bulbs in particular the ones purchased from Supermarkets or large DIY chains. The filaments in these cheap bulbs are much thinner than the more expensive brand name bulbs and any surge of power, however slight, simply breaks them, vibrations caused by closely located machinery (fans or pumps etc) can have the same effect.
A loose connection in the fittings lamp holder can also cause bulbs to blow. This is because the circuit is not completed as tightly as it could be and the electricity may have to "arc" or jump across the contact, rather than simply flowing through it. When this happens it produces more heat in the fitting than is expected or catered for by the bulb, and the bulb can weaken due to the heat and blow.
The same can happen if the spring loaded connection in the bulb holder is slightly loose. This can very often be easily diagnosed by looking at the contact on the bottom of the bulb to see if it is pitted (ensuring to turn off any power first). Arcing electricity effectively melts the metal it is arcing onto (the same way arc welding works) so if the bulb contact is being subjected to arcing, tiny little indentations occur, called pitting.
It is sometimes possible, if the live connection in your light switch is a little loose, for this to happen at the switch also. Heat will be generated and it is possible, though extremely remote, for the bulb to blow as a result of this.
When a bulb blows, 99% of the time the MCB for the lighting circuit will trip also. This makes the problem seem a lot worse than it actually is. The reason for a blowing lamp tripping an MCB is that the lamp element gets thinner during its life to the point where it breaks at the thinnest point, this point will melt just before failure and the resistance of the overheating element will momentarily be very low as a result a current surge is caused, this is picked up by MCB's but generally not fuses.
Your bulb supplier - buy expensive it’s cheaper in the long run.
The connections inside your bulb holder - are the screw terminals tight?
The bulb electrical contacts – the point of contact for bulb to the fitting often spring loaded (is the spring weak).
Also check the tightness of the connections in your switch.
Never attempt any electrical work unless you are competent to do so,and always isolate the supply before attempting any electrical DIY
If you're still in doubt, contact a qualified electrician for advice.
Contact Anton on 0117 321 6406
Burridge Electrical | Terms & Conditions
89 Dundridge Lane | St George | Bristol | Avon | BS5 8SN
Tel: 0117 321 6406
We cover:The south west | Bristol | Hanham | Longwell Green | Wilsbridge | Keynsham | Bath | Warmley | Oldland | Kingswood | Fishponds | Staple Hill | St.George | Knowle | Hartcliffe | Withywood | Ashton | Patchway | Filton | Bedminster | St.Pauls | and all surrounding areas.
©2022 Anton Burridge T/A Burridge Electrical - Electricians in Bristol